Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 8, Issue 3&4,2010
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Direct detection of Dermatophilus congolensis from skin scabs of dermatophilosis infected animals by polymerase chain reaction


Samson J. Shaibu 1*, Haruna M. Kazeem 2, Usman S. Abdullahi 3, Muhammad Y. Fatihu 2, Bitrus Yakubu 4, Adesoji A. Makinde 1, Lami H. Lombin 1

Recieved Date: 2010-07-26, Accepted Date: 2010-11-04


Dermatophilosis is an economically important disease of livestock caused by Dermatophilus congolensis, an actinomycete Gram-positive bacterium that produces motile zoospores which invade the skin and cause an acute, sub acute or chronic skin disease resulting in an exudative epidermitis with scab formation. The organism has also been reported to be of zoonotic importance. The economic effects of the disease is seen in all facets of the livestock industry which include milk, meat, hides and skins, reproduction, draught power, besides premature culling and high cost of veterinary treatment. The presence of the Dermatophilus congolensis was previously diagnosed from clinical signs, stained smears of the organism from skin scabs of infected animals and through isolation of the organism from the scabs on microbiological media. It is also rarely diagnosed through serology and animal inoculation. Beside the direct smear, which requires the presence of the characteristic morphology of the organism for it to be diagnostic, the isolation of the organism on microbiological media is often very difficult and requires an active form of the disease. It also requires at least forty eight to seventy two hours. Polymerase chain reaction a molecular biology technique, which is simple and specific, was used for the confirmatory detection of Dermatophilus congolensis directly from skin scabs of dermatophilosis infected animals (cattle, sheep, goats and horses) in Nigeria. This was based on the pair of primers used for the detection of the organism in sheep elsewhere, using the same technique. It is concluded that this technique is good enough for the successful detection of the organism in dermatophilosis infected animals in Nigeria.


Dermatophilus congolensis, dermatophilosis, cattle, sheep, goats, horse, skin scabs, polymerase chain reaction

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2010
Volume: 8
Issue: 3&4
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 577-579

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