Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 6, Issue 2,2008
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Chemical composition, antioxidant activity and anthocyanin profiles of purple mulberry (Morus rubra) fruits


Ilkay Koca *, N. Sule Ustun, Ahmet Faik Koca, Bulent Karadeniz

Recieved Date: 2008-01-07, Accepted Date: 2008-03-28


Three types of mulberry; white (M. alba), black (M. nigra) and red-purple (M. rubra) are grown in Turkey. It is widely consumed fresh as well as dried, processed into jam, marmelade, pekmez (a traditional Turkish food), wine, juices, paste and ice cream. In this study, anthocyanin composition, chemical composition and antioxidant activity of wild purple mulberry grown naturally was determined. The color of the samples differed from red to purple. Brightness, redness and blueness values were found as 33.07, +7.64 and -4.30, respectively. Average composition of the samples were 173.10 g kg-1 dry matter, 13.50º Bx soluble solids, 4.92 pH, 4.0 g kg-1 total acidity, 127.18 g kg-1 total sugar, 120.95 g kg-1 reducing sugar, 5.92 g kg-1 non-reducing sugar, 12.60 g kg -1 crude protein, 2107.47 mg kg-1 potassium, 889.04 mg kg-1 calcium, 194.04 mg kg-1 magnesium, 118.94 mg kg-1 sodium, 28.50 mg kg-1 iron, 5.20 mg kg-1 zinc, 3.49 mg kg-1 manganese and 3.09 mg kg-1copper. Average values for the natural antioxidants were found as 28.42 mg kg-1 ascorbic acid, 193.85 mg kg-1 total anthocyanins and 1308.07 mg kg-1 total phenolics. The ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assay was used to measure the total antioxidant activity of purple mulberry and the average value was obtained as 33.90 µmol g-1. The anthocyanin pigments in purple mulberry samples were isolated and identified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with UV-Visible detection. The ratios of individual anthocyanins in the purple mulberries varied markedly. Cyanidin 3-glucoside was the predominant anthocyanin in the samples.


Color, FRAP, minerals

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2008
Volume: 6
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 39-42

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