Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 7, Issue 1,2009
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Anthocyanin profile and antioxidative capacity of some autochthonous Croatian red wines


Edi Maletić 1, Jasminka Karoglan Kontić 1*, Darko Preiner 1, Ana Jeromel 1, Claus-Dieter Patz 2, Helmut Dietrich 2

Recieved Date: 2008-09-26, Accepted Date: 2008-12-02


Red wines made from Croatian autochthonous varieties were analyzed for their basic chemical compounds, anthocyanin profiles, total polyphenol contents, monomeric index and antioxidative capacity. Results of analysed red wines showed that alcohol and glycerol content was highest in Plavac mali and Babić wine, while the biggest difference was noted in the shikimic acid content ranging from 5 to 21 mg/l. Wine with the highest shikimic acid content (Crljenak viški) had also the lowest total anthocyanin content. All tested wines showed high antioxidative capacity ranging from 14.3 to 39.2 mmol/l while the total polyphenol content was between 1403 and 3633 mg/l. Marked variation was noted in contents of individual anthocyanins, with malvidin-3-monoglucoside as major compound in all analysed wines. Monomeric index showed some differences between analysed wines in monomeric and polymeric anthocyanin contents ranging from 3 to 9. Our results indicate that anthocyanin profile differences might determine considerable variations in the colour and composition of red wines.


Autochthonous red wine, anthocyanins, antioxidative capacity, monomeric index

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2009
Volume: 7
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 48-51

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