Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 7, Issue 1,2009
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Xylooligosaccharide production from lignocellulosic wastes with Trichoderma longibrachiatum xylanase


Özlem Akpınar *, Şeyda Bostancı

Recieved Date: 2008-09-23, Accepted Date: 2008-12-05


Xylooligosaccharide (XO) production was performed by enzymatic hydrolysis of xylans which were obtained by alkali extraction from tobacco stalk (TS), cotton stalk (CS) and wheat straw (WS). Xylan was hydrolyzed using Trichoderma longibrachiatum xylanase preparation, and the effects of pH, temperature, hydrolysis period, substrate and enzyme concentrations on the xylooligosaccharide yield and degree of polymerization were investigated. It was found that these three agricultural wastes contained different amounts of xylan, cellulose and lignin and the xylan obtained from these sources contained different amounts of sugar and uronic acid. The xylan from WS had the highest amount of arabinose while the other xylans mainly had xylose and small amount of glucose. Trichoderma longibrachiatum xylanase hydrolyzed highly branched wheat straw xylan (WSX) better than cotton stalk xylan (CSX) and tobacco stalk xylan (TSX) under favorable conditions ( reaction time of 8 h at pH 4.6 and 50ºC). The TLC analysis of the hydrolysis products indicated that the hydrolysis product of T. longibrachiatum xylanase contained different amounts of oligosaccharides (X2, X3, X4, X5, X6, X7) with some monosaccharides. Regardless of the structural differences of the xylan types presented in this paper, all xylans generated XO with different degree of polymerization (DP).


Xylooligosaccharides, xylan, prebiotics, tobacco stalks, cotton stalks, wheat straw

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2009
Volume: 7
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 70-74

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