Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 8, Issue 2,2010
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Peanut contamination by Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin B1 in granaries of villages and markets of Mali, West Africa


Cecilia M. Tojo Soler 1*, Gerrit Hoogenboom 1, Rabiu Olatinwo 1, Bamory Diarra 2, Farid Waliyar 3, Sibiry Traore 4

Recieved Date: 2010-01-26, Accepted Date: 2010-04-02


Peanut (Arachis hypogoea) is an important crop in Mali, West Africa. However, one of the main problems related to peanut production and commercialization is the detection of high levels of aflatoxin B1 in peanut-derived products for consumption. The objectives of this study were 1) to determine the rate of progress of Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin B1 in granaries located in 26 villages and also in the granaries located in the corresponding 26 markets in Mali and 2) to correlate the progress of the A. flavus and aflatoxin B1 with environmental variables outside the peanut granaries. The results showed that peanuts stored and consumed in rural areas are highly contaminated by A. flavus and aflatoxin B1, with average rates of aflatoxin B1 significantly above the accepted international standards especially between the months of June and December. There was a moderate relationship (r2 = 0.58) between the aflatoxin B1 levels for two granary types, located at the villages and the corresponding granaries in the markets. The analysis of the aflatoxin B1 levels in the villages and its relation with the weather conditions outside the granaries revealed that for one village (Tiele), high relative air humidity was a contributing factor in the development of A. flavus and levels of the aflatoxin B1 in the granary. The results indicated that maximum aflatoxin B1 production occurs in presence of warm temperatures and relative humidity above 80%.


Groundnut, post-harvest, environmental variables, climate, weather, temperature, relative humidity, food security, health

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2010
Volume: 8
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 195-203

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