Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 7, Issue 2,2009
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Genotype and planting date effects on cotton growth and production under south Portugal conditions – II. Monitoring


Gonçalo Barradas 1*, Rafael J. López-Bellido 2

Recieved Date: 2009-01-05, Accepted Date: 2009-03-30


Monitoring is a frequent practice in the high-yielding cotton producing regions, furnishing precious information to decision making during the growing season and contributing to understand growth and development of cotton plants. The aim of this work was to determine the influence of cultivar maturity type and planting date on the main monitoring indexes: plant height (H), number of main-stem nodes (MSN), height-to-node ratio (HNR) and number of nodes above white flower (NAWF). Six genotypes and three sowing times were studied in one field experiment over two seasons at Comenda Experimental Station, Alentejo, Portugal. Best regressions of H and MSN to accumulated degree days (DD) along the season were quadratic models, with significant differences between genotypes and years. Consequently, heat unit’s requirements per each new cm height and new main-stem node (plastochrons) increase linearly. Between genotype H differences were found just after first-flower (550 DD), whilst MSN differences were found only after first open boll (1000 DD). Both differences emphasize until the end of the season. Inter-annual differences were also found in H, at first-flower (500 DD) and in MSN, a bit earlier (400 DD). No planting date influence on H or MSN were detected. Best regressions of HNR to DD were inverse models, also with significant differences between genotypes and years. ‘Celia’ and early planting dates presented lower number of nodes between cotyledon to first fruiting branch (NFFB). Behavior of NAWF since first-flower to cutout (NAWF = 5) was well explained by linear models, regression coefficients (NAWF decrease per day) showed only between genotype differences. Contradictory signs of maturation types were found. Low H and MSN plastochrons and low final vigor index suggest precocity but, in contrary, relatively high NFFB, initial vigor index, final H and high number of days to cutout, suggest late maturing tendencies of our studied cultivars as a whole. Planting date can be underlined as a management practice with relatively low influence on H, MSN, HNR and NAWF evolution. However, especial attention must be given on the influence of planting date on NFFB, once this monitoring index is strikingly linked with precocity, feature particularly important for regions with growing season duration constrains. Further annual monitoring data and analysis is necessary in order to allow their use as decision making tools available to the main cotton producing regions of southern Iberian Peninsula.


Gossypium hirsutum, monitoring, height, number of main-stem nodes, height-to-node ratio, nodes of first fruiting branch, nodes above white flower

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2009
Volume: 7
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 313-321

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :