Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 9, Issue 1,2011
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Identification and distribution of anthocyanins in strawberry cultivars


Shuji Kawanobu 1, Masa-atsu Yamaguchi 1, Kazufumi Zushi 2, Kensuke Kondo 3*, Naotaka Matsuzoe 4

Recieved Date: 2010-11-03, Accepted Date: 2011-01-06


The pigment composition of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) fruits mainly consists of anthocyanins, which are important components for fruit coloration and which have beneficial effects on human health. The anthocyanin content of the fruits of 48 strawberry cultivars and wildtype Fragaria vesca was analyzed. Cyanidin 3-glucoside (Cy3G), pelargonidin 3-glucoside (Pg3G) and pelargonidin 3-malonylglucoside (Pg3MG) were identified as major anthocyanins on the basis of the results of TLC, HPLC, and sugar and organic acid analyses, respectively. Cy3G and Pg3G were detected in each fruit that was sampled. In all the cultivars, Pg3G accounted for at least 50% of the total anthocyanin content, while Pg3MG was found in several cultivars.


Anthocyanin content, strawberry

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2011
Volume: 9
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 140-141

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