Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 9, Issue 2,2011
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Phenological stage effects on forage quality of four forbs species


Ali Mohammad Asaadi *, Ashgar Khoshnood Yazdi

Recieved Date: 2010-11-29, Accepted Date: 2011-04-02


Information on nutritive values of each plant part in each phenological stage could help range managers choose suitable grazing times to achieve higher animal performance without detriment to vegetation. Thus, nutritive value of different plant parts of four species in three phenological stages (vegetative, flowering and seed production) from two sites was investigated. Species included: Sanguisorba minorOnobrychis transcaspicaOnobrychis radiata and Astragalus brevidens. Forage quality was evaluated based on crude protein (CP), acid detergent fiber (ADF), dry matter digestibility (DMD) and metabolizable energy (ME) contents. A completely randomized design with a factorial arrangement of species and phenological stage was analyzed with five replicates. The results of chemical analysis indicated that there were significant differences among different phenological stages of various species in terms of their properties. As the plant ages increased, CP, ME and DMD decreased and ADF increased. Significant differences were obtained between forage quality of diverse species (p<0.01). There were significant differences between CP contents among forbs species (P < 0.01). High ADF percentages were obtained in Astragalus brevidens (47.59%). Low ADF contents were in Sanguisorba minor (36.9%). Astragalus brevidens exhibited the lowest DMD (50.7%). Metabolizable energy ranged from 6.61 for Astragalus brevidens to 7.87 MJ/kg for Sanguisorba minor.


Phenological stages, crude protein, acid detergent fiber, dry matter digestibility, metabolizable energy

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2011
Volume: 9
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 380-384

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