Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 2, Issue 2,2004
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Influence of environmental factors on the quality of wheat grown in Algeria


Y. Amir *, D. Djabri, H. Guellil, A. Youyou

Recieved Date: 2004-02-18, Accepted Date: 2004-04-28


The wheat production still remains beneath the national consumption in Algeria and undergoes quantitative and qualitative variations. To understand the fluctuations in cereal production at a regional level, soft and hard wheat (Triticum aestivumT. durum) varieties grown on the same locations were sampled in three non-successive periods and analyzed for quality characteristics. Our study demonstrated the positive impact of the rainfall during the 2003 season on the specific weight (74.86-83.70 kg hl-1) and the one thousand-kernel weight (TKW 34.89-46.90 g) almost through the four locations studied. The increase of the average TKW was remarkable between 1999 and 2003 for the variety Vitron (10.74%). The impact of the external factors on the vitreousness of the hard wheat varieties (84.31-93.04%) was also studied. The protein content of the seeds showed highly positive correlations with rainfall (rexceeds +0.80), but no clear relationship between the temperature and the quality factors was detected in most of the locations (rranged from 0 to – 0.9).


Protein content, moisture, specific weight, thousand-kernel weight, Triticum aestivum, Triticum durum, weather, vitreousness

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2004
Volume: 2
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 315-319

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