Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 1,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Extraction and analysis of antioxidant capacity in eight edible beans


Atanu Biswas 1*, Nongnuch Sutivisedsak 1, Huai N. Cheng 2, Julious L. Willett 1, William C. Lesch 3, Robert R. Tangsrud 3

Recieved Date: 2011-10-03, Accepted Date: 2012-01-06


Beans are known to be a rich source of antioxidants in foods. In this work, we report our preliminary studies of the use of microwave as a fast method for the extraction of antioxidants from beans. Antioxidant capacities of the extracts from cotyledon and hull of eight common beans were determined, using the β-carotene bleaching method. Microwave-assisted extraction was achieved using two solvents, 50:50 ethanol/water or 100% ethanol. For comparison, conventional heat extractions were also done at 100ºC at 50:50 ethanol/water and 100% ethanol. The hull extracts exhibited more antioxidant activity than the cotyledon extracts. In most cases, the extraction with 50:50 ethanol:water tended to produce more antioxidants than extraction with 100% ethanol. The amount of extractables depends strongly on extraction temperature, with 150ºC giving better results. Although there was no correlation between the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity across the eight beans, within the data of each bean type the total phenolic content did correlate with antioxidant activity for most beans. The correlations were strongest for the extraction data on hull using 50:50 ethanol:water as the extraction solven.


Antioxidant capacity, beans, β-carotene bleaching, extraction, microwave, phenolics

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 89-96

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