Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 7, Issue 3&4,2009
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Prediction of draft force and energy of subsoiling operation using ANN model


Reza Alimardani 1*, Yousef Abbaspour-Gilandeh 2, Ahmad Khalilian 3, Alireza Keyhani 2, Seyed Hossein Sadati 4

Recieved Date: 2009-07-20, Accepted Date: 2009-10-11


Development and application of Artificial Neural Network (ANN) in modeling of the physical and dynamical soil properties and study of the possible relation of this technique with finite element method now a day is increasing. It is expected the success of ANN application particularly in simulating the operation of tillage practices and dynamic behavior of agricultural soil. One of the reasons in which leads us to use this method is its powerful estimation and the other one is that there is no specific material relation between the dependent and independent variables. In this research, parameters such as travel speed, tillage depth and other soil parameters such as cone index, moisture content, electrical conductivity and percentage of clay and sand are used to develop a prediction model. Experiments were conducted on three different types of coastal plain soils in the south eastern of United States for collection of required data. The model designed in this study was a multilayer network back propagation. Three algorithms of gradient descent with momentum, Lavenberg-Marquardt and scaled conjugated gradient algorithm were used to train the network. The best algorithm, used to train the network was chosen based on the high accuracy of prediction (95.8%) and more accurate simulation (97.6%), was the Lavenberg-Marquardt algorithm which recognized as the best algorithm (with two mean layers which include 12 neurons in the second layer) in comparison with other algorithms. The obtained scatter charts showed a correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.996 in network training and correlation coefficient of 0.987 in network testing between actual data and obtained data from ANN. Also these ANN models were compared with regression models based on data presented by ASAE and Garner’s model to evaluate the model. The comparison of the results of model and regression models to predict the draft force needed in subsoiling showed that ANN data are more close to actual data than the regression models.


Tillage energy, draft force, subsoiler, Artificial Neural Network, Lavenberg-Marquardt algorithm

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2009
Volume: 7
Issue: 3&4
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 537-542

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