Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 1,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Mulching impact on plant growth and production of rainfed fig orchards under drought conditions


Moslem Jafari 1, Jalil Abdolahi Pour Haghighi 2*, Hamid Zare 3

Recieved Date: 2011-11-02, Accepted Date: 2012-01-12


Field experiments were conducted in Estahban Fig Research Station in Iran from 2009 to 2010 in order to investigate the effects of five different organic mulches (wheat straw, maize straw, apple wood chips, almond shell and sawdust) and four different inorganic mulches (transparent plastic, plastic netting, volcanic rock and small stone) on soil temperature at the depths of 5 and 15 cm, soil moisture at the depths of  15, 30, 45 and 60 cm, plant growth and yield of rainfed fig (Ficus carica cv. Sabz) orchards under drought conditions. Comparison of experimental results of trees on bare soil with trees on mulch-treated soil surfaces indicated that applying proper mulches had positive impacts on the number and width of leaves, length growth rate and diameter of shoots, and fruit quality. Considering the significantly positive results (P<0.05) and the availability of almond shell (AS) and wheat straw (WS) mulches in the region, these two materials are recommended to be used in Estahban fig orchards. 


Mulch, fig tree, Estahban, moisture, fruit quality

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 428-433

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