Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 2,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Food consumption patterns and per-capita calorie intake of China in the past three decades


Jian-ping Li, Zhou-ping Shangguan *

Recieved Date: 2012-01-09, Accepted Date: 2012-05-08


The study investigated the food consumption patterns and per capita calorie intakes of the rural and urban populations of China in the past three decades, in order to depict the trends of the patterns and per capita calorie intakes and have an understanding of the current situations of them. The food consumption patterns of China have shifted towards animal products, especially meats. The annual per capita consumptions of all the food items had increased but the annual per capita consumption of cereals had decreased. The rural per capita food consumptions were lower than those of the urban one except the cereal consumption. The urban population needed more water to produce food and less food calorie to maintain their energy balance than rural population. The food energy intake of China presented a downward trend in the past 30 years; as a result the rural population obtained food energy mainly from cereals (71%), and the urban population obtained the food energy from meats, vegetable oil-fats, vegetables, and fruits in addition to cereals (46.7% of total). The increasing meat consumption was probably associated with the GDP growth and consumption expenditure. 


Food consumption patterns, calorie intake, rural population, urban population, GDP, food security, China

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 201-206

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