Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 2,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Leaf water status, proline content, lipid peroxidation and accumulation of hydrogen peroxide in salinized Chinese kale (Brassica alboglabra)


Amin Tayebimeigooni 1*, Yahya Awang 1, Maziah Mahmood 2, Ahmed Selamat 1, Zakaria Wahab 3

Recieved Date: 2012-01-16, Accepted Date: 2012-05-06


In responding to stress, plant cells may secrete compatible compounds and at the time demonstrate an increase in others which would reflect the status of reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capacity of plants under oxidative stress. In this study the ability of four cultivars of Chinese kale (Brassica alboglabra) to tolerate salinity stress was evaluated. Four diverse cultivars of Chinese kale (cv. ‘Standard kailan’, ‘Hong Kong kailan’, ‘Kale Curly Leaf’ and Hong Kong stem flower’) were subjected for 14 days to varying levels of NaCl, i.e. 0, 25, 50 and 75 mM in Hoagland’s nutrient solution in a static aerated hydroponic system. Salinity induced changes in all assayed parameters. Leaf relative water content (RWC) was reduced by 7.6, 13.3 and 15.5% relative to the control as NaCl concentration increased at 25, 50 and 75 mM respectively. In addition, accumulation of proline in leaf tissue was induced significantly at high NaCl concentration. However, ‘Standard kailan’ contained the lowest concentration of proline among cultivars. Salinity stress noticeably raised the concentration of H2O2 in leaves with their respective values of 47.5, 56.0 and 56.2% for 25, 50 and 75 mM compared to control. Almost similar response was also recorded for accumulation of malondialdehyde (MDA). The level of MDA in leaves, which represents the rate of lipid peroxidation process, was considerably increased under saline condition. Lower concentrations of H2O2 were found in leaf tissues of ‘Standard kailan’ and ‘Hong Kong kailan’ compared to those of cvs. ‘Curly leaf’ and ‘Hong Kong stem flower’. The lowest amount of MDA in leaf tissues of cv. Standard kailan in comparison with others, suggests that the cv. Standard kailan is better protected from oxidative damage under salinity stress and being more tolerant.


Salt stress, relative water content, oxidative stress, proline, hydrogen peroxide, lipid peroxidation, Chinese kale

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 371-374

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