Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 2,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

An analysis of energy use and input costs for apple production in Turkey


Sinasi Akdemir, Handan Akcaoz *, Hatice Kizilay

Recieved Date: 2012-02-07, Accepted Date: 2012-04-15


This research examines the energy use patterns and energy input-output analysis of apple production in the Antalya province, which is an important agricultural center in Turkey. Data for the apple production were collected from 90 apple farms by using a face-to-face survey method. The energy input of chemical fertilizer (41.03%), mainly nitrogen, has the biggest share in the total energy inputs followed by electricity (29.21%). The apple production consumed a total of 43,404.31 MJ ha-1. The energy ratio for apple was estimated to be 1.51. The specific energy, energy productivity, energy intensiveness and net energy yield were 1.59 MJ kg-1, 0.63 kg MJ-1, 3.31 MJ TL-1, and 22,103.83 MJ ha-1, respectively. The non-renewable form of energy input was 95.76% of the total energy input used in apple production compared to only 4.01% for the renewable form. The benefit-cost ratio of the cotton production was 1.48.


Apple, energy analysis, output-input ratio, input costs, Turkey

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 473-479

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