Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 2,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

The performance of some avocado cultivars under Mediterranean coastal conditions in Turkey


Süleyman Bayram 1, M. Alper Arslan 1, Ertuğrul Turgutoğlu 1, Mustafa Erkan 2*

Recieved Date: 2012-02-17, Accepted Date: 2012-04-14


The cultivation and production of avocado has been increasing rapidly in the Mediterranean coastal region of Turkey in recent years. Adaptation studies of avocado in Turkey began in the early 1970’s with the introduction of ‘Fuerte’, ‘Hass’, ‘Bacon’ and ‘Zutano’ cultivars. In the 1980’s, 38 new cultivars were subsequently brought from California and Corsica, increasing the number of cultivars available for trial to 42. Trees were established for evaluation in Serik, Antalya between 1989–1991.  In 1997, tree and fruit characteristics, flowering and harvest date and yield were assessed and 12 cultivars were eliminated from the study. Evaluations continued with thirty cultivars until 2004 when the studies were concluded. Experiment results showed that ‘Hass’, ‘Fuerte’, ‘Bacon’, ‘Ettinger’ and ‘Zutano’ avocado cultivars can be grown commercially in subtropical conditions in Antalya, Turkey. 


Avocado, Persea americana, yield, flowering, performance

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 588-592

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