Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 11, Issue 1,2013
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

The influence of morphological features of spelt wheat (Triticum aestivum ssp. spelta) and common wheat (Triticum aestivum ssp. vulgare) varieties on the competitiveness against weeds in organic farming system


Beata Feledyn Szewczyk

Recieved Date: 2012-11-04, Accepted Date: 2013-01-21


One of the methods of weed regulation in organic farming system is a choice of varieties with bigger competitive ability against weeds. The aim of the research was the estimation of the relationships between the morphological features of modern common winter wheat varieties and old variety of spelt (Schwabenkorn) and their competitive ability against weeds, measured by the level of weed infestation. The study was conducted in the Experimental Station of Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation – State Research Institute in Puławy, Poland (N51°28’, E22°04’), on the fields used in organic system since 1994. The experiment with different winter wheat varieties was carried out in 2008-2010, in completely randomized blocks. A significant, negative correlation between weed infestation and density of wheat, dry matter of wheat and the height has been proven. There was no significant correlation between tillering and parameters of weed infestation. Different features influenced the level of weed infestation of tested varieties. Smuga and spelt Schwabenkorn were most competitive against weeds, while Kobra and Bogatka were characterized with the smallest competitiveness against weeds. The number and dry matter of weeds were less differentiated because of the variety, and much more because of the years due to different weather conditions. 


Weed infestation, competitiveness, common wheat, spelt wheat, winter wheat varieties, organic agriculture, morphological features

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2013
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 416-421

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :