Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 12, Issue 1,2014
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Preparation and application of anti-ractopamine monoclonal antibodies


Xin-yao Chang

Recieved Date: 2013-09-12, Accepted Date: 2014-01-14


This study aimed to prepare high-sensitivity monoclonal antibodies against Ractopamine (Rac), which provided a solid foundation for icELISA kit. Mixed anhydride method was employed to synthesize the immunogen of Rac-BSA and 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether was used to prepare the coating antigen of Rac-OVA, thus pursue the heterologous sensitivity. Through cell fusion technology, four Hybridoma cell lines named R1-B5, R2-B3, R2-C6 and R4-C8 were screened out, their corresponding mAbs were of the IgG1 isotype with k light chain, and the Kafs of all mAbs were between 2.7×109 and 4.8×109 L/mol. Based on the R1-B5, a heterologous icELISA method was developed, and the working range was from 0.013 to 33.7 ng/mL, with LOD and IC50 value of 0.007 ng/mL and 0.67 ng/mL, respectively. Except for a high cross-reactivity (42.7%) to dobutamine, negligible cross-reactivity to other compounds tested was observed. The recoveries of Rac were in the range of 98.2-109.5%, 85.7-110.5% and 97.4-101.8% for cattle muscle, liver and kidney, respectively, with coefficients of variation (CV) values all ≺10%. When applied in real samples, the correlation coefficient (R2) of ELISA and LC-MS was 0.9373 in cattle muscle. Therefore, this assay can be used for detecting Rac residue in animal products.


Ractopamine, artificial antigen, monoclonal antibody, indirect competitive ELISA, heterologous

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2014
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 298-301

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