Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 11, Issue 3&4,2013
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255


Integration the effects of different storage types on nutritional quality characteristics of some feedstuffs


Author(s):

Havva Eylem Polat

Recieved Date: 2013-07-04, Accepted Date: 2013-09-18

Abstract:

In this study, effects of different types of storage on nutritional quality values of wheat, maize and barley used for feedstuff were examined. For this purpose, 4 different storage types, including above-ground storage with plastic cover, horizontal-reinforced concrete storage, vertical-reinforced concrete silo and vertical-steel silo were taken into consideration. Total of 296 samples were collected from each of the stored product stacks as one of these before being taken into storage and the others during the storage for 12 months. Nutritional quality values (dry matter, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, crude ash, and metabolizable energy) of samples were analyzed in the laboratory in two replicates. As a result of the laboratory analyses and statistical data evaluation, the horizontal reinforced concrete storage and vertical reinforced concrete silo hadn’t significant effect on the quality and nutritional value of barley and wheat, the vertical steel silo was more appropriate for maize storage. It has been concluded that there are too much losses from both the amount and the nutritional quality of the wheat, barley and maize stacks in surface soil storage types. Total average nutritional value losses for wheat were 3.83% in reinforced concrete horizontal storage 2.73% in reinforced concrete silo, 2.87% in vertical steel silo and 16.47% in soil storage conditions. These values were accordingly 4.64%, 2.24%, 3.82% and 19.53% for barley stacks and 5.28%, 3.16%, 2.34% and 21.19% for maize stacks. During the research, the average loss was calculated as the amount of wheat, barley and maize stacks. Accordingly, these losses for wheat stacks were 2.15% in horizontal-reinforced concrete storage, 1.26% in vertical-reinforced concrete silo, 1.39% in vertical-steel silo and 8.31% in soil storage conditions. These values were accordingly as 2.84%, 1.37%, 1.21% and 9.14% for barley stacks and 4.28%, 3.16%, 1.13% and 12.31% for maize stacks.

Keywords:

Above-ground storage, barley, grain storage, horizontal grain storage, maize, reinforced concrete silo, relative humidity, steel silo, temperature, wheat


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2013
Volume: 11
Issue: 3&4
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 897-903


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