Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 12, Issue 2,2014
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Chemical characterization of Sideritis perfoliata L. essential oil and its fumigant toxicity against two pest insects


Salih Karabörklü

Recieved Date: 2014-01-21, Accepted Date: 2014-04-08


Pest insects cause serious problems in worldwide at stored products. Synthetic conventional insecticides play a major role in insect pest elimination in stored products. However, negative effects of synthetic chemicals are known and there is need to safer alternatives. One of the most promising methods is essential oil-based pest control. Essential oils are natural volatile compounds produced by aromatic plants and have a wide range of effect on pest insects. Sideritis perfoliata L. was collected from Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Essential oil was isolated from aerial parts of the plant using a Clevenger-type apparatus. Essential oil yield was 0.55% (v/w). Chemical composition of the essential oil was determined using CS-MS analysis. The major components were α-pinene (64.47%), β-phellandrene (12.84%) and β-pinene (12.14%). Insecticidal activity of S. perfoliata essential oil on two important pest insects, Acanthoscelides obtectus and Tribolium castaneum were also tested. Increasing concentrations of the essential oil caused a significant increase in mortality rates of A. obtectus and T. castaneum adults at 24 h exposure period. Essential oil caused 100% mortality on A. obtectus adults at 70 and 140 µL L-1 air concentrations. S. perfoliata essential oil showed 76.7% mortality on the T. castaneum adults at 70 µL L-1 air concentration. Furthermore, mortality rate was reached to 100% at the highest concentration (140 µL L-1 air). According to the result of this study, S. perfoliata essential oil can be used as an alternative natural insecticide to currently used conventional synthetic insecticides in agricultural applications.


Sideritis perfoliata, essential oil composition, insecticidal activity, Acanthoscelides obtectus, Tribolium castaneum

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2014
Volume: 12
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 434-437

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :