Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 12, Issue 2,2014
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Effect of using organic acids to substitute antimicrobial growth promoters on broiler chickens performance


Alaeldein M. Abudabos 1*, Saud I. Al-Mufarrej 1, Abdullah H. Alyemni  2, Hany M. Yehia 3, Abdul Rahman Garelnabi 1, Masoud N. Alotybi 1

Recieved Date: 2014-02-06, Accepted Date: 2014-04-10


The present experiment examined the influence of three commercial organic acids, as an alternative to in-feed antibiotic, neoxyval, on broiler’s performance during pre- and post-challenge with Salmonella enterica subsp. typhimurium. Ten cages of birds received one of the following treatments: T1 = Control group, unmedicated, no bacterial challenge (+CONT); T2 = Negative control, unmedicated, challenged (-CONT); T3 = Medicated with antibiotic (neoxyval), challenged (NEOX); T4 = Supplemented with Gallimix, challenged (GALI); T5 = Supplemented with FormaXOL, challenged (FORMA); and T6 = Supplemented with Fysal, challenged (FYS). Chicks in treatments T2 to T6 were challenged with (3 × 109 cfu/ml) of Salmonella enterica subsp. typhimurium on day 16. The results revealed that unchallenged bird (CONT) consumed more feed as compared to other treatments (P < 0.001). Furthermore, birds which had received NEOX, GALI, FORMA or FYS converted, feed more efficiently as compared to those which had received the negative control. This was an indication that organic acids used in this trial were able to restore the performance equally to the antibiotic (NEOX). The three organic acids were efficacious at reducing the Salmonella in ileum; however, FORMA and FYS eliminated the Salmonella totally from the ileum. Villus height but not the width was influenced by treatment (P < 0.01). In summary, the organic acids, which were used in this trial, reduced the Salmonella count and improved the morphology of the ileum as a result the cumulative FCR improved. The tested organic acids had a positive influence on the performance of broiler chickens, and could serve as a substitute to antibiotics.


Broilers, organic acids, performance, bacterial challenge, Salmonella enterica

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2014
Volume: 12
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 447-451

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :