Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 12, Issue 2,2014
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Emission of CO2 and N2O from maize-soybean rotations under five long-term fertilizer regimes in northeastern China


Yun Fa Qiao 1, Xiao Zeng Han 1, Timothy A. Doane 2, Shu Jie Miao 1*

Recieved Date: 2014-01-08, Accepted Date: 2014-03-24


The impact of long-term fertilizer application on greenhouse gas emission and global warming potential (GWP) is not well documented. A long-term fertilizer experiment, located at the Hailun State Key Agro-ecological Experiment Station, Hailun County, Heilongjiang Province, China, was used in this study to completely account for emission of CO2 and N2O from maize-soybean rotation systems. Five treatments were implemented, including nitrogen and potassium (NK), nitrogen and phosphorus (NP), balanced inorganic fertilizer (NPK), combined inorganic/organic fertilizer (NPKM), and no fertilizer (Cont.). CO2 and N2O fluxes were measured using a closed-chamber method from May 2006 to April 2007, and net GWP was estimated using emission data and considering CO2 fixed by crops. With the exception of NK in soybean, long-term fertilizer application significantly increased crop biomass in all treatments and both crops compared to Cont. plots. Long-term inorganic fertilizer application tended to decrease total CO2 emission and increase total N2O emission. Inorganic/organic combination fertilizer significantly increased CO2 and N2O emission by 41% and 388% compared to the Cont., respectively. Compared with the Cont., inorganic fertilizer application significantly decreased total net GWP by 179%; in contrast, net GWP was increased 82% by inorganic/organic combination fertilizer application. The results of this study indicate that reduction of GWP and agricultural economic gain can be simultaneously achieved by appropriate fertilizer application.


CO2, N2O, long-term fertilizer application, GWP, black soil, cattle manure

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2014
Volume: 12
Issue: 2
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 492-497

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