Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Comparing the antibacterial activity and phytochemical components of three most commonly used oleo-gum-resin types in Saudi Arabia


Ibtisam Mohammed Ababutain

Recieved Date: 2017-05-04, Accepted Date: 2017-08-18


The objectives of this study were to compare the antibacterial activity and phytochemical components in oleo-gum-resin obtained from Boswellia carterii, Commiphora myrrha and Ferula assa-foetida trees.. The results of the agar well diffusion assesses showed that F. assa-foetida extract had the highest inhibitory effect on the Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) followed by C. myrrha extract, whereas B. carterii extract was unable to inhibit these bacteria. Moreover, all  oleo-gum-resin extracts had an inhibitory effect against the Gram positive bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus.  S. aureus was the most susceptible bacterium to all tested oleo-gum-resin extracts. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences between the oleo-gum-resin extracts on their antibacterial potential. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of C. myrrha and F. assa-foetida extracts were found in high values ranging  3.125- 6.25 µg/mL against the Gram positive bacteria and 12.5 µg/mL against the Gram negative bacteria. On the other hand, the MIC of B. carterii against S. aureus and S. pyogenes was slightly in lower ranging 12.5- 25 µg/mL, respectively. The qualitative phytochemical assesses of the oleo-gum-resin extracts demonstrated the presence of steroids, alkaloids, and terpenoids in all the tested extracts. However, saponins were absent in all ethanol extracts tested  and vice versa appeared in all the water extracts. Conversely, tannin was absent in all water extracts tested and appeared in all ethanol extracts.  Flavonoid was absent from B. carterii and appeared in both C. myrrha and F. assa-foetida. In conclusion, using the oleo-gum-resin extracts of  B. carterii, C. myrrha and F. assa-foetida could be an alternative solution for the health care associated infections.


Boswellia carterii, Commiphora myrrha, Ferula assa-foetida, oleo-gum-resin

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2017
Volume: 15
Issue: 3&4
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 35-39

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