Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

 Triticale breeding  improvement with the use of spelt wheat (Triticum spelta L.)


L. O. Riabovol, I. P. Diordiieva *, Ya. S. Riabovol, I. O. Polyanetska, A. I. Lubchenko,  Zh. M. Novak

Recieved Date: 2017-08-21, Accepted Date: 2017-12-18


The aim of the research was to show the possibility of triticale breeding improvement with the use of spelt wheat and to evaluate created forms for the main agronomic traits. Implementation of this goal was done by crossing of threespecies triticale and spelt wheat and stabilization of obtained hybrid forms. The created diversity of triticale forms was divided into three groups according to plant height: medium-stem (plant height 100–120 cm), low-stem (plant height 80–100 cm) and short-stem (height of plants 60–80 cm). Four best samples in each plant group were selected and tested in more detail. The standard for a medium-stem group samples was variety of winter triticale Khlibodar Kharkivskii. For short-stem and low-stem group samples the standard was variety of winter triticale Alkid. The evaluation of sample productivity in the experiment was studied by placement the test variants in Latin square. As a result of the research the possibility of triticale breeding improvement with the use of spelt wheat and stabilization of obtained offspring was shown.  General technological scheme of triticale breeding improvement was developed. Medium-stem sample 455 (protein content 13.9 %, gluten 30.2 %) and short-stem sample 471 (protein content 13.6 %, gluten 29.5 %) were selected. Low-stem sample 484 which combines high grain yield (7.1 t ha-1) with high protein (12.4%) and gluten (26.9%) content and dwarf sample 473, which has complex resistance to diseases and characterized by high grain yields, protein and gluten content were selected. Varieties Navarro and Strateg, were selected and transferred to the Ukraine State Scientific and Technical Expertise (applications No. 15022003 and 15022004).


Threespecies triticale, spelt wheat, crossing, protein content, gluten content, productivity

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2018
Volume: 16
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 54-58

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