Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

The cultural ecosystem services: From philosophical post-modernism perspectives


Azlan Abas 1*, Kadaruddin Aiyub 1, Nurul-Azza Abdullah 2,  Nur Najmi Mohamad Anuar 3

Recieved Date: 2018-07-12, Accepted Date: 2019-09-29


Cultural ecosystem services (CES) has been one of the most important aspects in determining the human well-being especially those so called urban dweller. Many studies in CES had been conducted, but generally all of it only discussed from the objectivism point of view. Hence, this study tries to open a new paradigm as we will look into the significant of subjectivity in CES.  The relevance of CES to indicate human well-being is based on few indicators such as emotions, stress, health and happiness. From previous studies shows that there was a significant relationship between the existence of CES and human well-being. However, those studies only provide the knowledge quantitatively. We also found that to discuss CES only from quantitative approach is absurd because CES cannot be separated from spiritual and religious factors. Therefore we are agreed that CES have to be discussed from the philosophical post-modernism which undeniably is significant. 


Cultural ecosystem services, post-modernism, human well-being, environmental management

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2018
Volume: 16
Issue: 3&4
Category: Environment
Pages: 45-50

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