Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Village chicken production under traditional management practice in Fogera District, South Gondar Amhara Region, Ethiopia


Bamlaku Getie, Yibeltal Aynalem, Etemanchi Worku

Recieved Date: 2020-11-12, Accepted Date: 2020-12-22


This study was conducted in four Peasant Associations in Fogera District South Gondar, Ethiopia. A total of 160 households from four PAs were involved in the study. The objectives were to assess traditional poultry management practices in relation to feeding practices, egg production and hatchability of village chickens. A single-visit and multi-subject type of survey was conducted using structured questionnaires between November and December 2019. The data were analyzed by using SPSS software program. The survey work indicated that the overall average flock size was 5.6±0.8 per household. Flock size was significantly higher (p<0.05) for rich households than medium and poor households. Ninety eight percent of farmers were supplementing extra feeds and water for their chickens, with the main proportion of food leftover 26.4% followed by spoiled grain 25.12%. Most of the households were not giving feeds separately to the flock compositions. Households practicing of chicken selection for the main characters of egg productivity was 35.38% and body weight was 38.38%. The mean of age at first lay, number of clutches per hen per year and number of eggs laid per clutch per hen were 5.05±1.34 months, 5.06±1.65 and 15.39±5.05, respectively. The ratio of male to female was around 1:4. The purpose of keeping poultry was mainly for sale (38.11%) followed by home consumption 31.56%. The mean hatchability was 84% per hen per household. The larger eggs with oval shape and smooth in egg shell were the preferred characters in selection of incubating eggs. The highest mortality of chicks was occurring up to 2 weeks of age, but around 12.56% of the households was treating their sick birds with traditional treatments. Ninety one percent of farmers pointed out that more frequently occurring and devastating disease was Newcastle Disease. For better productivity, changing traditional management would be the first priority.


Village chicken, management practice, hatchability, incubation

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2021
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 45-51

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