Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 3, Issue 2,2005
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Chemical and functional properties of full fat and defatted Dioclea reflexa seed flours


A. I. Akinyede 1*, I. A. Amoo 2, A. F. Eleyinmi 1

Recieved Date: 2004-12-18, Accepted Date: 2005-03-17


The chemical and functional properties of full fat and defatted Dioclea reflexa (FDR and DDR) seed flour were investigated using standard methods. Results showed the following respective values for FDR and DDR: fat 14.4 and 5.35%, ash 2.80 and 3.65%, protein 39.38 and 46.85%, fibre 1.48 and 1.73%, carbohydrate 33.34 and 34.22%, moisture content 8.60 and 8.20%. The respective mineral contents (mg/kg) were P 1.33 and 1.37, Zn 232.73 and 290.99, Fe 258.39 and 290.99, Mn 25.42 and 32.19, Mg 818.60 and 826.03, Na 129.83 and 182.45, Ca 983.13 and 963.14, K 937.68 and 865.04. The respective phytic acid and tannin contents were 0.34 and 0.20%; 7.54 and 7.48%. The water absorption capacity, oil absorption capacity, emulsion capacity, least gelation capacity, foaming capacity and foaming stability (after 4 hours) of FDR and DDR were: 610 and 670%, 272.60 and 291.40%, 60 and 40%, 6 and 6% (m/v), 13.72 and 17.65%, 9.8 and 13.8% respectively. The protein solubility of FDR and DDR was least between pH 4–5 and highest between pH 7–10. Defatting significantly influenced the chemical composition and functional properties of DR.


Dioclea reflexa, Chemical composition, functional properties

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2005
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 112-115

Full text for Subscribers

Note to users

The requested document is freely available only to subscribers/registered users with an online subscription to the Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. If you have set up a personal subscription to this title please enter your user name and password. All abstracts are available for free.

Article purchasing

If you like to purchase this specific document such as article, review or this journal issue, contact us. Specify the title of the article or review, issue, number, volume and date of the publication. Software and compilation, Science & Technology, all rights reserved. Your use of this website details or service is governed by terms of use. Authors are invited to check from time to time news or information.

Purchase this Article:   20 Purchase PDF Order Reprints for 15

Share this article :