Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 4, Issue 3&4,2006
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Influence of minimum tillage systems on physical and chemical properties of soil


Teodor Rusu, Petru Gus, Ileana Bogdan, Ioan Oroian, Laura Paulette

Recieved Date: 2006-05-11, Accepted Date: 2006-08-28


The paper presents the influence of conventional plough tillage system on physical and chemical properties of soil in comparison with the alternative minimum tillage systems (disc harrow, rotary harrow, paraplow and chisel plow). Minimum soil tillage systems in three years rotation culture: maize (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine hispida L. Merr.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) enable the rise of hydro stability of the aggregates with 2.2-5.5% in 0-10 cm, 3.3-11.8% in 10-20 cm and 3.6-10.4% in 20-30 cm soil depth. Soil minimum tillage modifies soil bulk density and resistance to penetration, but these modifications are within optimal limits of the soil type. Paraplow and chisel plow soil tillage, due to reduction of soil intensity and to incorporation at the soil surface of vegetables remnants, leads to an increase in humus content with 0.35–0.51% and in water permeability of soil. Minimum soil tillage is not leading to a significant modification of soil reaction and NPK content in the arable layer but determines the stratification of those at the surface of the soil.


Minimum tillage, physical and chemical soil properties

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2006
Volume: 4
Issue: 3&4
Category: Environment
Pages: 262-265

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