Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 5, Issue 2,2007
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Proximate and elemental composition and their estimated daily intake in infant formulae from developed and developing countries: A comparative analysis


Bamidele I. Olu-Owolabi 1*, Sayo O. Fakayode 2, Kayode O. Adebowale 1, Patricia C. Onianwa 1

Recieved Date: 2006-12-18, Accepted Date: 2007-02-26


The proximate compositions (moisture, protein, ash, fat, crude fiber and carbohydrate) and levels of thirty seven elements (P, Ca, Cu, Mg, Mn, Na, K, Zn, Pb, Bi, Sn, Ti, Si, Tl, Sb, Ba, Se, Sr, S, Ag, Cd, Mo, Ni, Al, As, Be, Co, Cr, Sc, V, W, Zr, B, Ce, Li, Te and U) were determined in thirteen brands infant formulae samples obtained from three developing (Nigeria, South Africa and Venezuela) and five developed (USA, France, Italy, Denmark and Germany) countries. In addition, the daily intakes of the elements from formulae from developing and developed countries were estimated and compared. The results from this study indicated that the qualities, elemental compositions and their estimated daily intake from infant formulae obtained from developing countries compare well with those from the developed countries and within statutory safe limits. However, some essential elements, such as Se, Co, Cr and Mo, were not detected in most formulae from developing as well as from developed countries.


Infant formulae, proximate analysis, elemental composition, estimated daily intake

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2007
Volume: 5
Issue: 2
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 40-44

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