Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 8, Issue 1,2010
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Solar drying of Ayaş tomato using a natural convection solar tunnel dryer


Köksal Demir 1, Kamil Sacilik 2*

Recieved Date: 2009-10-10, Accepted Date: 2010-01-02


An experimental study was conducted to determine the thin layer drying characteristics of Ayaş tomato in a natural convection solar tunnel dryer. Open sun drying runs were also performed for comparison at the same time. The dryer was 20 m long and 5.4 m wide. This system can be used for drying various agricultural products. Also, it is simple in construction and can be constructed at a low cost with locally obtainable materials. Moisture content of tomato was reduced from 11.71 to 0.10 kg [H2O]/kg [DM] in about 101 h for open sun drying, whereas the solar tunnel dryer took only about 86 h. Depending on weather conditions, the solar tunnel dryer was found to be more efficient than the open sun drying and resulted in saving to extent of about 17.4% of drying time. Samples dried in the solar tunnel dryer were completely protected from insects, rain and dusts and the dried samples were of high quality in terms of colour and hygienic. In falling rate period, moisture transfer from the test samples was described by applying the Fick’s diffusion model and the effective diffusivity was calculated. The experimental drying data of tomato were used to fit the Page, Logarithmic, Approximation of diffusion, Two-term and Midilli et al. models, and drying rate constants and coefficients of models tested were determined by non-linear regression analysis. Among the various models tested to interpret the drying behaviour of tomato, the Midilli et al. model was in good agreement with the experimental data obtained.


Ayaş tomato, solar tunnel drying, open sun drying, mathematical model, moisture content, effective diffusivity

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2010
Volume: 8
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 7-12

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