Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 9, Issue 1,2011
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Cynanchum acutum, Cionura erecta and Trachomitum venetum subsp. sarmatiense grown wild in Turkey


Hülya Demir 1*, Esra Ergin 2, Leyla Açik 2, Mecit Vural 2

Recieved Date: 2010-09-18, Accepted Date: 2011-01-25


Cynanchum acutum L., Cionura erecta (L.) Griseb. and Trachomitum venetum (L.) Woodson subsp. sarmatiense (Woodson)Avetisian are commonly used species in folk medicine. In the present study, the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of the ethanol extracts of three plants were evaluated with agar well diffusion technique, the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging, reducing power, total antioxidant capacities, and total phenolic contents, respectively. Antimicrobial activities of ethanol extracts were tested against bacteria strains (Staphylococcus aureusPseudomonas aeruginosaEscherichia coliBacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Enterobacter fecalis) and two yeast strain (Candida albicansCandida tropicalis). Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of each species were determined. All the ethanol extracts showed significant antioxidant activity. The IC50 of ethanol extracts ranged between 196.09 and 570.71 µg/mL. The reducing powers increased with increasing amount of extract sample. Reducing power, total antioxidant capacities of the ethanol extracts were as follows: C. acutum > C. erecta > T. venetum. The strongest antibacterial activity was observed using the ethanol extract of C. erecta against S.aureus (zone of inhibition 19.6 mm).


Cynanchum acutum, Cionura erecta, Trachomitum venetum, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2011
Volume: 9
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 186-189

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