Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 10, Issue 1,2012
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

A new methodology for determining irrigation schedule of grapevines using photogrammetric measurement of berry diameter


Qing Tao Zhang 1, 3, Shi Ping Wang 2, 3, Mitsuhiro Inoue 3, Shigeoki Moritani 3, Wataru Tsuji 3, Shu Geng1, Guo Yu Qiu 1*, Qiang Xie 2

Recieved Date: 2011-09-14, Accepted Date: 2012-01-05


Determination of the threshold of soil water potential (ψ) at which point irrigation should be considered in horticultural plants is important for efficient water use, especially in drylands. The purpose of this study was to determine the threshold for scheduling irrigation during the last week of stage 1 of berry development. Pione grapevine (Vitis vinifera L., cv. V. labrasca) was allowed to experience decreasing ψ monitored by tensiometers after an irrigation event. Berry diameters were measured every hour for 5 days using photogrammetry, a new methodology for monitoring berry size. Net photosynthesis and transpiration rates were measured at various intervals by a portable photosynthesis system. The results showed that after irrigation, the y decreased slowly during the first 2 days, but started decreasing rapidly when it decreased -6.2 kPa at 10 cm soil depth. Berry diameters increased at night and decreased during the day, and were sensitive to soil moisture status. Berry diameter increased rapidly after irrigation till ψ became -3 kPa. In the ψ range of -3 to -5.4 kPa, the growth rate decreased, and as y decreased beyond -5.4 kPa, the berry started shrinking and the shrinkage showed a strong linear relationship with decreasing y. However, photosynthesis and transpiration rates were unaffected until ψ became -9.3 kPa or less. Thus, berry diameter was a more sensitive indicator of water stress than photosynthesis and transpiration. The value of -5.4 kPa should be considered as the threshold ψ for scheduling irrigation in the last phase of stage 1 of berry development in grapevines.


Vitis vinifera, berry diameter, photogrammetry, irrigation schedule, soil water potential threshold, soil moisture, photosynthesis, transpiration, berry development stage 1, water stress, drylands

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2012
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 582-587

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