Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Endocrine disrupting compounds in environment - A review


Anca Dragomirescu 1, Mihaela Andoni 1*, Marius Craina 2

Recieved Date: 2014-05-30, Accepted Date: 2014-12-20


In the last two decades there were discussions in the ecologic and biomedical field about the endocrine disrupting compounds, substances which were detected in water, soil and atmosphere. Those substances can have adverse effects in environment, in animals and in humans; the first observation reported concerned feminisation of some aquatic animals. To this observation is adding now the risk of obesity in humans and the risk of estrogendependent cancers as adverse effect of feminisation. In the endocrine disrupting compound group there are substances such as bisphenol-A (BPA), phytoestrogens (genistein and daidzein) and steroid estrogens (17β-estradiol, 17α-ethinylestradiol, estrone, estriol). The development of analytical methods has made it possible to show evidence of small quantities of steroid estrogens (about 10 ng L-1) in water. The hypotheses concerning their sources in environment are drug industry, nutritional and detergent industry, agriculture and human and animal urinary excretion. Some recent studies show the possibility of the biodegradation of environmental steroid estrogens by facultative anaerobic iron-reducing bacteria.


Estrogens, genistein, hormonal disfunctions, environment

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2015
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Category: Environment
Pages: 117-119

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