Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 11, Issue 3&4,2013
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Effects of sister line mixtures on grain yield and some quality parameters in wheat


Mustafa Yildirim 1 *, Mustafa Cakmak 2

Recieved Date: 2013-05-12, Accepted Date: 2013-09-30


This study examined grain yield and grain quality (protein content, 1000 kernel weight, SDS sedimentation) of 100 wheat plant materials including 4 varieties (Gerek, Aytin, Kutluk and Kirac), 6 sister line mixtures (with each mixture consisting of 15 sister lines per diallel cross) and 90 F7 sister lines (6 crosses x 15 sister lines). In total, 100 different plant materials were used in a 10 x 10 lattice design. Plant material was sown during the 2006-2007 growing season in two locations in Turkey (Eskisehir and Mahmudiye) with three replications per location. Analysis of variance of the combined locations found significant differences (p≤0.01) between locations and among genotypes for all 4 parameters examined. Grain yield varied significantly (p≤0.01) by block [replication] in Eskisehir and by variety in both Eskisehir and Mahmudiye. Mean grain yields at Eskisehir, Mahmudiye and the combined locations were higher for sister-line mixtures when compared to sister lines and varieties. Mean grain yields of the combined locations varied between 5125 kg ha-1 (GRK/AYT) and 2764 kg ha-1(GRK/KRC-9). Significant differences (p≤0.05) in SDS sedimentation of plant materials were found at both Eskisehir and Mahmudiye, whereas significant differences (p≤0.05) in 1000 kernel weight and protein composition were found at Eskisehir only. In high-variety vigor, significant difference (p≤0.05) was detected for protein content at AYT/KRC (-6.8) among the sister-line mixtures in the combined locations. These results suggest that a good mixture of sister lines may result in higher grain yields. Further studies are required that look at grain yields among a greater number of sister lines.


Wheat, sister-line, mixture, grain yield, quality parameters, vigor

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2013
Volume: 11
Issue: 3&4
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 915-923

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