Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 12, Issue 3&4,2014
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Soil health sustainability and organic farming: A review


Sudarsan Biswas, Md. Nasim Ali*, Rupak Goswami, Somsubhra Chakraborty

Recieved Date: 2014-03-29, Accepted Date: 2014-09-16


The need of sustainable agriculture is universal and way to achieving it has been defined through intensive empirical research. Several indicators for the sustainability of agricultural systems have also been developed. Use of synthetic fertilizers and their effects on crop production, soil health, environmental quality, biodiversity conservation and self-reliance of farming system have been discussed in the context of agricultural sustainability. Degradation of soil fertility due to use of synthetic agro-inputs is considered as one of the most important factors affecting sustainability of agricultural systems. Presence of soil organic matter and soil microbial population are primarily useful indicators of soil health and productivity of both crops and livestock. A long-term integrated approach will be an appropriate solution for standardizing fertility management in organic farming considering the complex interactions among different components of this system. A comprehensive and systematic review on different qualitative and quantitative changes of soil health parameters for improved nutrient management supports these observations.


Organic farming, soil fertility, soil health, sustainable agriculture

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2014
Volume: 12
Issue: 3&4
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 237-243

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