Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Aquaculture feeds: a review of raw material, manufacturing process and product quality


Arturo Melendez Arevalo 1, Jose Luis Ramirez Ascheri 2 *, Eliana Monteriro Soares de Oliveira 3 , Jose de Jesus Berrios 4

Recieved Date: 2018-06-22, Accepted Date: 2018-09-22


In the field of aquaculture, feed is the principal item of expenditure that can make the difference between success or failure of a fish farming venture. In this review, we examine the quality of available raw materials, the advantages and disadvantages of the two commonly used manufacturing processes (pelleting and extrusion), and the necessity of delivering feeds appropriate for the nutritional requirements of the target species. Analyses of results reported in the literature indicate that extruded feeds are of superior quality compared with those obtained using the pelleted process, and that extrusion is more cost effective and amenable to the needs of aquaculture than pelleting. However, the real nutritional value of extruded feed is still poorly understood and research must focus on understanding the impact of high temperature short-time processes on the quality of aquatic feeds


Aquaculture, feeds, raw material, extrusion, pelletin

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2018
Volume: 16
Issue: 3&4
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 10-17

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