Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 17, Issue 3&4,2019
Online ISSN:
Print ISSN: 1459-0263

A former agriculturist’s cultural belief: The meaning  interpretation on the Kedayan’s prohibitions


 Ernie Zahdina Bte Hj Md Seruddin*,  Chong Shin

Recieved Date: 2019-04-07, Accepted Date: 2019-09-22


Kedayan is one of the seven native tribes in Brunei. They distributed throughout the country, from the coastal to the hinterland area. Although linguistically Kedayan language differ from Brunei Malay dialect, as they are Muslim, they are considered as “Malay” under the Constitution Law of Brunei. In the past, Kedayan were animists, worshipped ancestors and the interior tribe included agriculturalists and  experts in making traditional medicines. In their daily life, they practiced traditional beliefs such as sacred prohibitions, taboos, using incantation in their life activities etc. This article aims to analyze the prohibitions implemented at their maternal process, i.e. at the antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum period. In terms of theoretical framework, the discussions were based on the Bridging Reference Approach in Relevant Theory. This approach is appropriate in identifying the implicit assumptions or contextual existing in the utterance of a prohibition. All the samples of prohibitions presented in this article are observed optimally relevant to the hearer since the Kedayan women were equipped with the existing assumptions or sufficient contexts about their traditional prohibitions. They can well understand the meanings that not stated explicitly in the prohibitions. An utterance of prohibitions, even the antecedent stated implicitly, they are still capable to acquire the meaning of the prohibition by referred to their cultural information background or encyclopedic knowledge.


Kedayan, maternal, prohibition, bridging reference, relevance theory

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2019
Volume: 17
Issue: 3&4
Category: Environment
Pages: 99-102

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