Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Centralized and decentralized approaches in municipal solid waste management: Reflections with reference to Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation


Vishnu J. Menon, Antony Palackal

Recieved Date: 2021-07-11, Accepted Date: 2021-09-20


Changes occurring in lifestyle, consumption pattern and increasing urbanization has resulted in un-controlled generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) across the world. Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) has turned out to be a critical challenge as the generation of MSW is increasing, with limited options for its management. Various strategies have been tried and tested for obtaining a sustainable result in MSWM. Nonetheless, they have created negative health, environment and social impacts. Further, the attitude of the common man towards the waste he/she generates, often acts as a barrier for adopting sustainable strategies for MSWM. There are two main approaches followed in MSW: centralized and decentralized. There exists an ongoing debate with regard to the efficiency of the two approaches. Taking Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation (TMC) in Kerala as a case, this paper examines the merits, demerits and practicability of these two approaches, and tries to suggest a sustainable model to curb the issue of MSWM.


Municipal solid waste, Municipal solid waste management, centralized approach, decentralized approach, Vilappilsala Centralized Municipal Solid Waste, Treatment Plant, Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation, Kerala

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2021
Volume: 19
Issue: 3&4
Category: Environment
Pages: 75-80

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