Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Village chicken production under traditional management practice in Fogera District, South Gondar Amhara Region, Ethiopia


Author(s):

Bamlaku Getie, Yibeltal Aynalem, Etemanchi Worku

Recieved Date: 2020-11-12, Accepted Date: 2020-12-22

Abstract:

This study was conducted in four Peasant Associations in Fogera District South Gondar, Ethiopia. A total of 160 households from four PAs wereinvolved in the study. The objectives were to assess traditional poultry management practices in relation to feeding practices, egg production andhatchability of village chickens. A single-visit and multi-subject type of survey was conducted using structured questionnaires between Novemberand December 2019. The data were analyzed by using SPSS software program. The survey work indicated that the overall average flock size was5.6±0.8 per household. Flock size was significantly higher (p<0.05) for rich households than medium and poor households. Ninety eight percent offarmers were supplementing extra feeds and water for their chickens, with the main proportion of food leftover 26.4% followed by spoiled grain25.12%. Most of the households were not giving feeds separately to the flock compositions. Households practicing of chicken selection for the maincharacters of egg productivity was 35.38% and body weight was 38.38%. The mean of age at first lay, number of clutches per hen per year and numberof eggs laid per clutch per hen were 5.05±1.34 months, 5.06±1.65 and 15.39±5.05, respectively. The ratio of male to female was around 1:4. Thepurpose of keeping poultry was mainly for sale (38.11%) followed by home consumption 31.56%. The mean hatchability was 84% per hen perhousehold. The larger eggs with oval shape and smooth in egg shell were the preferred characters in selection of incubating eggs. The highest mortalityof chicks was occurring up to 2 weeks of age, but around 12.56% of the households was treating their sick birds with traditional treatments. Ninetyone percent of farmers pointed out that more frequently occurring and devastating disease was Newcastle Disease. For better productivity, changingtraditional management would be the first priority

Keywords:

Village chicken, management practice, hatchability, incubation


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2021
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 45-51


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