Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment




Vol 19, Issue 1,2021
Online ISSN: 1459-0263


Silica accumulates in non-glandular trichomes and sites of powdery mildew infection in Cannabis sativa L.


Author(s):

Maryam Haghighi, Samuel J. Livingston, May A. Constabel, Erin J. Gilchrist

Recieved Date: 2020-09-11, Accepted Date: 2020-12-30

Abstract:

Cannabis sativa L. (cannabis) producers use soluble silicon (Si) treatment to increase yield and protect against powdery mildew infection, althoughlittle is known about the localization of Si in plant tissues or how Si application impacts growth. In this study we mapped the location of elementalSi in cannabis leaves and flowers using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) in three test conditions.Silicon treated ‘Finola’ plants (+Si) were treated twice weekly with either commercially obtained Pro-Silicate (Grotek) at a concentration of 2 ml of170 mM sodium silicate, after combustion of plant tissues, and during powdery mildew infection. Si supplementation did not increase Si localizedto non-glandular hair trichomes on calyces and leaves. In combusted ash, Si mapped to intact hairs, although the distribution was more disperse.Following leaf powdery mildew infection, Si deposits concentrated around areas of fungal penetration pegs, indicating Si location in cannabis isdependent on biotic stimuli. The combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) provideshigh-resolution elemental analysis to show that Si localized to, and was deposited in, non-glandular hairs on calyces and leaves. Following combustion,Si was detected in intact hair trichomes of ash samples. The location of insoluble Si deposition was dependent on biotic stimuli, and followingpowdery mildew infection. Si deposits were observed surrounding areas of fungal penetration into plant tissue. Our results provide a framework forfuture quantitative analysis and are relevant for developing guidelines regarding soluble Si treatment of cannabis plants grown for medicinal andrecreational use

Keywords:

Cannabis, epidermal cells, hair trichomes, silicon, powdery mildew


Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2021
Volume: 19
Issue: 1
Category: Agriculture
Pages: 52-57


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