Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Genetic analysis of Bactrocera (Diptera:Tephritidae) by cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene


Shreedevi S. Juktihiremath, Shivaleela Biradar, R. L. Babu

Recieved Date: 2020-11-10, Accepted Date: 2021-03-20


The genus Bactrocera (Diptera:Tephritidae) species are commonly called fruit flies and are polyphagous and invasive dipteran species throughout the world. Fruit flies attack fleshly fruit and vegetables and cause serious damage to agriculture and horticulture crops. To perform an accurate identification and management of this pest, mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) of insect genes are commonly used to examine the heterogeneity genetic analysis. COI genes are also used for identification of Bactrocera species, genetic diversification, population genetics, gene flow or demographic history and phylogenetic evolutionary analysis. In this review, the utilization of the COI in fruit fly studies are discussed.


Bactrocera spp., cytochrome oxidase I (COI), fruit fly, genetic diversity, gene flow, phylogenetic analysis, population genetics

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2021
Volume: 19
Issue: 2
Category: Environment
Pages: 71-75

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