Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

Vol 5, Issue 1,2007
Online ISSN: 1459-0263
Print ISSN: 1459-0255

Analysis of Tunisian Ruta graveolens L. oils from Jemmel


Mouna Ben Hadj Fredj 1*, Belsem Marzouk 1,  Imed Chraief 2, Kamel Boukef 3, Zohra Marzouk 4

Recieved Date: 2006-09-11, Accepted Date: 2007-01-08


The first aim of this study was to describe in detail the chemical composition of Tunisian Ruta graveolens L. essential oils (EOs) from Jemmel. The second aim was to test their antibacterial activity. The essential oils obtained from fresh aerial parts were analysed by using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The antimicrobial activity was evaluated against 13 bacterial strains including hospital bacteria and four reference strains (Gram-positive Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). All the EOs were dissolved in Tween-80. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC) were determinated by sub-culture at TSA agar plates which were incubated at 37°C for 18 to 24 h. Fifteen compounds were identified. All oils were found to be rich in ketones and alcohols, especially 2-nonanone, 2-undecanone and 2-nonanol. These oils had a moderate antimicrobial activity against the majority of bacteria tested; the hospital strains Aeromonas hydrophila and Vibrio cholerae non-O1 were most sensitive.


Ruta graveolens L., Rutaceae, essential oil, chemical composition, antimicrobial activity

Journal: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Year: 2007
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Category: Food and Health
Pages: 52-55

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